His brother Nathanial's business continued to flourish and by 1911 he was living at Haldane House in upmarket Jesmond, with 13 rooms a cook and a housemaid, Charles by contrast was living at 66 Derby Street, an out of work labourer,with his wife Sarah and five of his children in two rooms, one of which would have been the kitchen. Although local industries were making healthy profits, local people did not always share in this prosperity. Poverty was commonplace mainly as a result of low wages and irregular work. Many children went barefoot, and the poorest families relied on meals provided by the council or charities. People lived in fear of the poor law and the workhouse. There was no free healthcare, and infectious diseases were rife, often claiming many lives at a very young age. By the time of the 1911 census Charles & Sarah had lost four of their 10 children.
Life would have been hard for the family and every penny that daughter Caroline brought home would have been welcomed. It comes as no surprise that her decision to emigrate to Australia with her husband and their young family caused a great deal of consternation. Not only financially, but war had broken out on the 28th of July making the ocean crossing even more perilous. Promising to return Caroline, husband Robert Johnstone and their two children Nora and Robert began their long journey from Newcastle to Adelaide on 26th August 1914
The Osterley & The Millers
There was accommodation for 280 first class, 130 second class and 900 third class passengers.
She was requisitioned in 1917 by the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). Coming through the war unscathed she was returned to commercial service in January 1919. During her time in operation the "Osterley" would run 59 voyages from the United Kingdom to Australia before being decommissioned and broken up in 1930. In 1914 she was under the command of Captain Jenks.
This is without question our family as the personal recollections of the voyage and the events that ensued were recounted by Caroline Naylor to her grandchildren. It begs the question why the Johnstone family was travelling incognito? I firmly believe these inconsistencies are not mere errors, but are deliberate actions taken to prevent them from being traced. Caroline died in 1966 and her daughter Norah was unaware they had travelled under assumed names. It may have been due to the Naylor family's disapproval, because of the War, or it may have been so they would not be recognised in case disaster should strike, and their names appearing in the lists of those who perished?. I dare say we shall never know.
"The Swan of the East"
To conserve coal Muller used only six of the ships boilers and arrived in the Indian Ocean on September 6th, where he and his crew of 360 waged an astonishing piratical campaign for three months attacking British shipping with impunity. In the meantime the Osterley was steaming south, leaving Port Said on September the 8th heading for Columbo.
Muller and his second command had a cunning trick. As most British men-of-war had either two or four funnels they disguised the Emden to resemble the British "HMS Yarmouth" by creating a fourth smoke stack out of wood and canvas.
A near miss.....
The path of destruction continues
Winston Churchill then First Lord of the Admiralty ordered four cruisers, "Hampshire", Yarmouth" "Duplex" and "Chikuma " to devote themselves exclusively to hunting the "Emden".
Muller had now set his sights on the British Port of Diego Garcia. He was amazed on arrival to discover the authorities there had no idea they were even at war!
The British Admiralty less than amused by these tales of chivalry that had the ladies swooning, had by the end of October no less than 60 ships in pursuit of Muller and the "Emden"
The end of the "Emden"
Alas the "Sydney" was larger, stronger and crucially faster. With Muller's second in command and leading gunners with the landing party that had gone ashore, the "Emden" received in excess of 100 hits within the next 90 minutes. To avoid sinking Muller ordered the ship on to a reef, where she remained until 1960.