Introduction & Recap
It is about Hope. Jean, Margaret & Fanny Hope aged 9,7, & 5 respectively. They are living with their grandparents William Hope, Agricultural Labourer, his wife Jean and four aunts and uncles, bringing the total number living in one of the cramped cottages up to nine. This is not what I found unusual however, it is their place of birth. All three of these young girls were born in "America, New York"!
Part II - Printers & Publishing
Hogarth & Ballantyne
James b.1772 in Kelso, was the eldest of three brothers John b. 1774 & Alexander b.1776. As young boys they attended Kelso Grammar School where they met the young Sir Walter Scott whilst on an extended visit to Kelso in 1783.
The lives of James, John & Sir Walter would, in time, become inextricably intertwined.
The financial crisis affecting the entire publishing industry brought about the bankruptcy of Scott's publisher Archibald Constable. An intricate web of debt was the result for which Sir Walter took the responsibility for repayment upon himself. His extreme productivity saw him repay nearly £120,000 of not only his own liabilities but also those of the Ballantyne's before his death in 1832.
James Ballantyne following the decease of his wife Christian in 1828, depressed and described as "becoming increasingly corpulent and pompous" passed away at his home in Edinburgh in January 1833.
Hogarth & Purves
Robert Hogarth continued the family farming tradition at Inland Pastures Farm, Scremerston. Together with his wife Elizabeth they had six children, four daughters and two sons Robert and Peter Purves Hogarth.
Sons Robert & Peter together with Peter's wife Georgiana and their baby daughter Agnes born at Scremerston in May 1850, set sail for Australia sometime after this date.
It was an ill-fated trip from the beginning, with daughter Agnes dying in Melbourne in 1853 aged just three years old. Peter & Georgiana's loss must have been lessened slightly by the arrival of a son, Robert in Melbourne that same year. Little did they expect a far more tragic end awaited them all.
Of a new and modern design, The Royal Charter was a steam clipper with an iron hull, capable of carrying 600 passengers. With the use of her auxillary engines she was considered to be very fast, being capable of making the voyage from Liverpool to Australia in just 60 days. She was returning from Melbourne, with approximately 371 passengers, many of them gold miners and prospectors laden with gold about their persons. It is also reputed that gold made up a large proportion of her cargo in the hold.
On the eve of 25th October 1859 as she approached Anglesey the falling barometer indicated bad weather was imminent. Rather than putting in to Holyhead, Captain Thomas Taylor made the disastrous decision to carry on towards Liverpool. During the night the wind rose to Hurricane Force 12 . As it rose, the wind changed direction forcing the ship towards the rocky coastline, unable to make progress the ship weighed anchor at 11 pm. In the early hours of the 26th both her anchor chains snapped within an hour, and the rising tide drove the ship onto rocks near Moelfre on the North Coast of Anglesey. Battered by the wind and the huge waves she quickly broke up.
Of the estimated 371 passengers and 112 plus crew only 21 passengers and 18 crew survived, enabled by the daring feat of crew member Joseph Rogers, swimming ashore with a line. No women or children were among the survivors!
This appalling death toll is only made worse by the knowledge that the majority that perished did not drown but were beaten against the rocks by the raging sea. So close to safety and yet so far.
and the Aussie take
What the Dickens?
She herself being a great granddaughter of George Hogarth of Lennelhill!